Twilled Woolen Fabric

  • Ainun Najwa
  • May 30, 2022

Twill woolen fabric is a textile weave pattern that has diagonal parallel ribs. You have to pass the weft woolen thread over one or more warp thread, then pass under two or more warp threads. The full design comes out with an offset between rows that create a diagonal pattern.

You can easily recognize twill weaves from blue jeans. The fabric has a smooth surface and slightly high mechanical properties. Gabardine is used by high-quality tailors to make the pockets of bespoke suits. Wool comes from sheared sheep. It is warm, strong, dry and cannot wrinkle easily. At times, wool is coarse but high quality ones are really soft. Woven woolen fabric are subjected to finishing techniques that feels like the fibre is arranged in directions.

twill fabric

Twill woolen fabrics are produced using three or four harness-frames that keeps yarns in place. The harnesses-frames are also used to lift up every third or fourth warp yarn to get a repeated pattern. The weaver can lift up sets of two harnesses at the same time which will create a more balanced twill weave. It thickens the fabric making it stronger and can hide soils.

The fabric has a better drape and is wrinkle-resistant. Unlike plain weaves, twill-woven fabrics usually have a front and back side. The front side of a twill is called the technical face meanwhile the back is called the technical back. Twills are durable and attractive. The fabric is air and water-resistant and more durable. Woolen twill fabrics are softer than plain-weave textiles because of the fewer interlacing that twills got that allows yarns to move more freely. Twills come in even-sided (foulard, surah) and warp-faced (gabardine, cavalry twill).

They can be used to make heavy weight dresses like jeans, jackets and outerwear for construction and military. Cavalry twill another smooth twilled woolen fabric that has distinct diagonal lines. Gabardine is used to make professional suits and also dress slacks. It has very distinct diagonal weaves. This pattern is created by adding more warp thread than filling threads. With varied colors for warp and filling, the line patterns can be more emphasized.

It is possible to change the appearance and structure of twill weaves. Alternating two colors of warp and filling threads can be made give out a classic twill fabric that gives a distinct pattern which looks like a star that has four points. This pattern is called a Houndstooth. There are other derivatives of twill-woven decorative fabrics that are not common to see. Broken, undulating and pointed twills are those decorative twills that that have no specific names. They are very expensive because they are not common and usually used for expensive home decorations or haute couture.

Twilled woolen fabrics have an interesting texture and design. Twill designs that are printed on cloth are less common than printed plain weaves. The uneven surface of twill-woven fabrics makes soil and stain less noticeable. That is why twills are usually used for outdoor and work clothing that are durable.

Twilled woolen fabric is a type of textile characterized by its twill weave structure and the use of wool fibers. Twill weave is a diagonal pattern created by interlacing the yarns, which gives the fabric a distinctive appearance and texture. Wool, a natural fiber derived from sheep or other animals, is known for its warmth, insulating properties, and durability.

Twilled woolen fabric is often medium to heavyweight, making it suitable for colder climates or winter garments. It has a slightly textured surface and a soft hand feel, providing comfort and coziness when worn. The diagonal lines created by the twill weave add visual interest and can vary in intensity depending on the specific twill pattern used.

Due to its warmth and insulating qualities, twilled woolen fabric is commonly used in outerwear such as coats, jackets, and blazers. It provides excellent protection against cold temperatures and helps retain body heat. Additionally, its durability makes it suitable for heavy-duty garments that require strength and longevity.

Twilled woolen fabric is available in various colors and designs, allowing for versatile styling options. It can be solid-colored or feature intricate patterns, plaids, or herringbone designs. The fabric’s structure and weight contribute to its draping qualities, enabling it to create tailored and structured garments.

When it comes to care, twilled woolen fabric typically requires dry cleaning or careful hand washing to maintain its quality and shape. Proper care ensures that the fabric retains its warmth, appearance, and durability over time.

Overall, twilled woolen fabric is a popular choice for winter clothing due to its warmth, durability, and stylish texture. It combines functionality with aesthetic appeal, making it a versatile option for various fashion applications.

Twilled woolen fabric is a type of fabric that is made from wool fibers using a twill weave pattern. Twill weave is characterized by diagonal lines or ridges on the fabric surface, which are created by interlacing the warp and weft threads in a specific pattern.

Here are some key features and characteristics of twilled woolen fabric:

Material: Twilled woolen fabric is primarily composed of wool fibers, which are derived from sheep or other animals. Wool is known for its natural warmth, insulation, and breathability.

Weave: The twill weave used in this fabric creates a diagonal pattern of parallel lines or ridges. The diagonal structure gives the fabric a unique texture and appearance.

Durability: Twilled woolen fabric is generally durable and resistant to wear and tear. The twill weave adds strength to the fabric, making it suitable for various applications.

Softness and Comfort: Wool fibers provide a soft and luxurious feel, making twilled woolen fabric comfortable to wear. It has a cozy and warm sensation, making it ideal for colder climates or winter garments.

Drapability: Twilled woolen fabric typically has good drapability, meaning it hangs well and flows gracefully when used in clothing. It can be tailored into various garments such as coats, suits, skirts, trousers, and dresses.

Versatility: This type of fabric is versatile and can be used for both casual and formal wear. It can be found in a wide range of colors, patterns, and weights, allowing for diverse design options.

Applications: Twilled woolen fabric is commonly used in the production of outerwear, such as coats, jackets, and blazers, due to its warmth and durability. It is also suitable for skirts, pants, and other clothing items. Additionally, it may be used for accessories like scarves and blankets.

Overall, twilled woolen fabric combines the natural benefits of wool fibers with the unique texture and structure created by the twill weave, resulting in a versatile and desirable fabric for various applications in fashion and textiles.

Twilled woolen fabric is a type of fabric that is made from wool fibers and has a twill weave structure. It is known for its durability, warmth, and softness, making it a popular choice for various garments and textiles.

The twill weave is characterized by diagonal lines or ridges formed by the weaving pattern. In twilled woolen fabric, this weave adds texture and visual interest to the fabric. The diagonal lines can vary in angle, creating different types of twills such as herringbone, houndstooth, or chevron patterns.

One of the key advantages of twilled woolen fabric is its ability to drape well. It has a good amount of body and weight, which allows it to hang nicely when used in garments like coats, jackets, skirts, and trousers. It also has excellent insulating properties, making it suitable for winter clothing to provide warmth and comfort.

Twilled woolen fabric is known for its durability and resistance to wear and tear. The diagonal weave structure makes it stronger and less prone to snagging or unraveling compared to other weaves. It also tends to be more resistant to wrinkling, maintaining a crisp and neat appearance.

In terms of care, twilled woolen fabric usually requires dry cleaning or gentle handwashing to preserve its quality. It is important to follow the care instructions specific to the fabric to avoid damage or shrinkage.

Overall, twilled woolen fabric offers a combination of strength, warmth, and texture, making it a versatile choice for a range of clothing and textile applications.